Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

I am not a leading authority on any one discipline that I write about and teach, it is my hope and wish that with all the subjects I have studied it provides me an advantage point that I offer in as clear and cohesive writings as possible in introducing the matters in my materials. I hope to serve as one who inspires direction in the practitioner so they can go on to discover greater teachers and professionals that will build on this fundamental foundation. Find the authorities and synthesize a wholehearted and holistic concept, perception and belief that will not drive your practices but rather inspire them to evolve, grow and prosper. My efforts are born of those who are more experienced and knowledgable than I. I hope you find that path! See the bibliography I provide for an initial list of experts, professionals and masters of the subjects.

Prelude to Assault

Blog Article/Post Caveat (Read First Please: Click the Link)

Reference (The content of this post is mine, quotes exact or modified are my effort and this post was inspired by but not the intent of the referenced book. It is recommended attaining this reference and making a study of its content coupled with validation through other sources, i.e., violence professionals with experience, etc.

The world can be dangerous, it can have violence at any time but such violence tends to have leading cues that tell you violence is on its way. These telltale signs, cues or triggers if you will, spell out that someone is about to do something that will be uncomfortable triggering that spidey sense of discomfort. When that occurs, assuming you are aware and observant, you will have time to "avoid, deescalate and/or escape-n-evade" the person ready to do harm. 

What you will encounter in many cases is a lack of self and situational awareness that is detected by a predator who will use that to attack with surprise so they can put you off balance and ruin your structure hobbling you to prevent any actions of protection and defense you might have triggered if you had been aware and observant. 

Awareness and observation does not mean setting your readiness to high alert because that is just no sustainable. It means you have accumulated enough knowledge and understanding that you can detect in an environment and its people the state of, "comfort -or- discomfort." Once that is detected then you ratchet up your awareness and observation to find the why of such discomfort. You look for anomolies in the group dynamics of the people and once you detect the anomaly you focus down further to detect and determine what it is that is making your spidey sense tingle so much. When it comes to those people you begin to look at the non-verbal behaviors and displays to determine the danger and its level, etc. 

The non-verbal will say or telegraph that those folks are about to act in a way not beneficial to you or others in the area or group. In an assaultive situation, a grinning face can mean or suggest mockery. If there is sweat pouring down one or more of the faces. Blood vessels pulsate, and if jaws are clenching. This tells you that the nervous system is aroused to a high dangerous level. In a context of anger, these types of cues can be vital warning signs. 

SKIN: moisture glistening of forehead or temples; above the upper lip; around the ears - Why? Facial sweat may indicate anger is on and getting out of control. Skin sweats when you are on the attack or are fearful of being attacked. Whether fleeing or fighting a sweaty face looks the same. 

FACIAL COLOR: is the face suddenly pallored or turning red? This may be because the flight-or-fight response has been triggered and emotions are about to let loose the dogs of war or fear induced escape-n-evasion or running away. Be careful, as with any of this, assume they mean you should be wary and then take further assessments before assuming one over another meaning. Observing shifts of redness to paleness is a cause of alarm but not necessarily action - yet. 

ARTERIES: In rage or anger, you may detect swelling pulsations that stand out on the neck or face. The most obvious being the neck area below the earlobes. Look to see of arteries are pulsating at the back of the lower jaw. Then look to the temple area in front of the ear. Also, above and below the lips, beside the nose, at the top of the cheekbones, and the middle of the forehead above the eyebrows. 

As someone gets ready to go off on others, these blood vessels mark the face like one has a pulsing red rash. Facial arteries can reveal the triggering of rage rather than just anger and it can be a potentially dangerous rage. 

JAWS: Humans bite and chew, to clench the jaws in anger and frustration, or to inflict pain. Anger may, usually, triggers one to clench their jaws seen by the muscles contracting in uncontrollable biting movements. In our ancestral past humans would clench jaws, teeth, and jaw muscles in a defensive role. 

When attacked, time stands still and details leave an indelible impression on one's mind. 

FIST: when one is angry, the displaying of a clenched fist is universally a sign of aggression. A tightly closed fist tells others that the person is in an aroused state of mind, as anger or in an excited state or due to fear. The clenched fist is a universal sign used to indicate a show of forceful emphasis and threat. 

EYES & MOUTH: large eyes, closed mouth, tense/tightened lips, and a frown may indicate a physical assault may come and look also for a momentary silence - the fight is on. 

GROUP DYNAMICS: people empower others in a group setting. It is called "ritualized mobbing" and it makes the individuals in the group feel closer and united. Look for signs in a group using much the same cues discussed to this point because such cues in group settings are infectious and spread like a bad virus. 

We should observe to see the "behavioral chain," of actions folks universally take when on the attack. This is usually when all else fails and you are exposed to potential attack. 

EYES: when one is excited, the eyes open wide, and then humans narrow them if feeling threatened. Sudden eyes wide reflect emotions of the flight-or-fight response. If the eyes are wide open, the whites show all around and above and below the iris then one should be on high alert because there is cause for alarm. When truly angry one widens the eye slits to make eyeballs appear noticeably bigger, rounder, and whiter. In an angry person, flashbulb eyes can be decoded as a danger sign of imminent physical attack. 

PUPILS: If significantly larger or dilated, the person is on alert, coiled and ready for action. When you perceive one as angry, enlarged pupils are a good signal its time to exit, stage left. If too close, then deescalation is on the table to provide an opening for escape-n-evasion. 

BLINKING: when the person is primed the eyelids get going. The blink rate of arousal goes significantly higher often reflecting an emotional state of mind aroused by the flight-or-fight response. When one gets excited the blink rate is faster while a calm person's blink rate slows. Eyelid movement is about our arousal levels triggered by the hindbrain, the old brain located at the base of the skull - the lizard brain if you will. When someone is upset or angry the blink rate goes way up and it triggers the old spidey sense telling us to step back and put some distance between you and them. 

BREATHING: when ready to go off or run our breathing changes. Under the effects of strong emotions our breathing rate increases. It is about oxygenation because due to an impending fight or flight oxygen provides more fuel to escape-n-evade or avoid. If one's breathing rate suddenly increases it is a sure sign one should become wary and look to avoid events or environments. 

SILENCE: in recent studies of assault warnings the most common recognized danger sign is silence. When you see tight lips along with silence it implies that the person has made a conscious decisions to do something that could span from withholding information to acting. 

FEAR to AGGRESSION: fear can change in an instance to aggression; aggression can change into fear. If in this situation go to the deescalation mode. Back away, leave the adversary an out and remain polite, polite, polite and prepare for the worst just in case. 

  • anger/facial sweats; 
  • flushed skin to pallor; 
  • pulsating carotid and facial arteries; 
  • clenched jaws muscles; 
  • silence after rage;
  • tightly clenched fists/hands; 
  • rapid blinking; 
  • flashbulb eyes.
Watch the hands and palms, hands are the prime tool for fighting/violence, holding weapons/concealing them, and keep attention on fingers, hands, and palms. Preparatory-intention cues/movements can reveal an assault is in the making before it begins leaving time to “get out of dodge!”

Reference (The content of this post is mine, quotes exact or modified are my effort and this post was inspired by but not the intent of the referenced book. It is recommended attaining this reference and making a study of its content coupled with validation through other sources, i.e., violence professionals with experience, etc.

Givens, David, Ph.D. “Crime Signals: How to Spot a Criminal Before You Become a Victim.” St. Martin’s Press. NewYork 2008. 
For reference and sources and professionals go here: Bibliography (Click the link)

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