Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

I am not a leading authority on any one discipline that I write about and teach, it is my hope and wish that with all the subjects I have studied it provides me an advantage point that I offer in as clear and cohesive writings as possible in introducing the matters in my materials. I hope to serve as one who inspires direction in the practitioner so they can go on to discover greater teachers and professionals that will build on this fundamental foundation. Find the authorities and synthesize a wholehearted and holistic concept, perception and belief that will not drive your practices but rather inspire them to evolve, grow and prosper. My efforts are born of those who are more experienced and knowledgable than I. I hope you find that path! See the bibliography I provide for an initial list of experts, professionals and masters of the subjects.

Search This Blog

Evidence - Video and Personal

Blog Article/Post Caveat (Read First Please: Click the Link)

Personal evidence is what we all perceive as witness evidence while video evidence is what ever filmed/recorded evidence presented. This regards viewing both video and/or witness because it falls under the principle of, “What is focal is PRESUMED causal.” In short, what is perceived by the witness or whomever views video effects what is perceived.

This doesn’t even take into consideration things like angles, sound, certain effects dependent on direction, angles and other such filming and perceptive principles. For instance, one professional tells people that when viewing a piece of video evidence to first watch it several times with no sound. Then he tells them they must find out if editing of any kind occurred. A bit like chain of evidence processes to keep the integrity of what is presented or given as close to reality as possible. We shall see that this reality is not always as accurate or real dependent on focal-to-causal effects and influences.

For instance, what the witness sees such as facial views, i.e., they see the face of one participant while they cannot see the face of the other such as if they were standing behind one subject and viewing the second subject over the shoulder of the first. This also changes as to perspective and perceptions when you view two subjects from the side, i.e., when you can perceive identical information of both subjects.

Now, add this same process of perspective to perception and interpretations when filming from behind one subject with the other in direct line but facing the camera or when the camera films the two facing one another from the side. Dependent on that perspective you will hear and feel, etc., different tones and content, etc., due to that direction and how it effects your perceptions to information - it changes your perceptions while actually remaining the same as to reality. For instance, if you are viewing over one’s shoulder the fact you can see the one subjects facts you will naturally and instinctively judge that information as MORE CAUSAL. 

“The tendency of humans to presume that what is focal is causal holds say too deeply, to automatically, and over to many types of human JUDGEMENT.” - Robert Cialdini, Pre-Suasion

If you, like many cell phone witnesses, were to record that situation with the two subjects from different camera angles, you would ensure that everything about that situation itself would be identical every time it is showed - FROM THAT ANGLE. This is why disparity always rises up when more than one video is submitted as possible evidence because it comes from different people who shot the video from different angles at different times with different time spans that add, subtract and change perceptions and perspectives as well as resulting judgements of those who view it. All this effects the person who is a witness. 

Yes, one person standing at this angle didn’t see a gun and yet another person who stood at a totally different angle did see a gun. Both are correct and accurate but angles and perceptions along with how they are affected by the personal biased beliefs of the videographer and witness effect that informations outcome. 

When you add in such human distinctions and perceptions along with beliefs and agenda’s, when you add in sounds and editing that often occur to meet the beliefs and perceptions of the person publishing whether as evidence or just social media attention gratification purposes, it means that it is not exactly foolproof. 

As Dr. Cialdini, and his studies along with research indicated, states, “Certain kinds of videotaped interactions are used frequently to help determine the guilt or innocence of suspects in major crimes” that this set of principles and effects become critically important. So many misunderstandings come from the emotionally driven reactions of perceived supposed reality that it drives how we act and in criminal situations lead to convictions, both socially in criminal systems, that can be found unjust. 

This is why the education and understanding of society is critical so we rein in our emotional reactive processes and stop to consider that video’s are not set in stone recordings of reality, they are just one perceptive view of a possible reality. It is best to collect a “preponderance of evidence” before judging!

Let me end this brief and terse article with one more example, i.e., interrogations - interrogations of suspects leading to false confessions that has come to light led to, “All interrogations involving major crimes to be videotaped.” Here is the conundrum, because we still assume a film/video is reality and truth, in practice, the point of view of the video camera is almost always behind the interrogator and onto the fact of the suspect. When the camera angle is arranged to record the fact of one discussant over the shoulder of another biases that critical judgement is toward the more visually salient of the two. 

“Such an camera angle being aimed at a suspect, lets not forget that the label suspect also influences the viewers to presupposed guilt, gives greater responsibility for a confession ( and greater guilt) to said suspect. This influence and presupposition comes regardless of whether the observers are men or women, college students or jury-eligible adults in their forties or fifties, exposed to the video recording once or twice, intellectually deep or shallow, and with previous information provided about the potential bias of video evidence due to the impact of camera angles, etc., this pattern the same regardless of being ordinary folks in the jury pool, to the legal professionals, or to the judges trying such cases.”

As you can see, just because a witness says so, regardless of their credentials and just because it is on film does not negate the possibility of false witness and confessions. But a bird in hand is far faster, better and easier to gain a confession then the extra effort and work to continue an investigation to find the real culprit especially as more time passing makes that more and more difficult. The pressures of management to get it finishes along with pressures to close and convict for a variety of reasons beyond mere guilt or innocence makes this even worse. 

It warrants all of us to take a breath, rein in our emotionally monkey brains and take a moment to allow all evidence to be gathered, analyzed and collated into real evidence before we judge anyone or anything. What if one day, out of the blue, you find yourself on the receiving end of such events and situations, wouldn’t you want a chance?

Bibliography (Click the link)

“In order for any life to matter, we all have to matter.” - Marcus Luttrell, Navy Seal (ret)

No comments: