Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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Gathering Karate’s Historical Data

Blog Article/Post Caveat (Read First Please: Click the Link)

(Historical Research: The historical method is employed by researchers who are interested in reporting events and/or conditions that occurred in the past. An attempt is made to establish facts in order to arrive at conclusions concerning past events or predict future events.)

Everyone, yours truly included, have their perception as to karate’s history. If you wish to enjoy and resonate with true historical knowledge toward karate’s history there are some steps to follow and information sources you would want to make it true, valid and factual.

First, isolate the problem, i.e., that karate is of Okinawan origins, etc. 
Second, collect source materials that include both a primary source and a secondary source. 
Third, evaluate the source materials. 
Fourth, formulate a hypotheses
Fifth, report and interpret your findings

Lets start with the second, primary sources of information covering direct outcomes of events or the records of eyewitnesses, etc. shall consist of:

First, original documents
Second, relics
Third, remains
Fourth, artifacts

As to the secondary sources of information that is provided by a person or persons who did not directly observe the event, object, or condition shall consist of:

First, textbooks
Second, Encyclopedias
Third, newspapers
Fourth, periodicals
Fifth, a review of research and other references

Then you want to look toward external criticisms where those person or persons ask if the evidence under consideration is authentic. The researcher checks to the genuineness or validly of the source. 
  • Is it what it appears or claims to be? 
  • Does the witness agree with other witnesses?
Then one shall seek out an internal criticism where after the source is authenticated, 
  • ask if the source is accurate” 
  • Was the writer or creator competent, honest, and unbiased? 
  • How long after the event happened until it was reported? 
  • Does the witness agree with the other witnesses? 
Generally, this is a fundamental toward researching and reporting historical data but there is more such as:
  • Did the person establish the genuineness of the document or relic?
  • Did the person check the content of a source of information?
  • Did the person evaluate through obtaining a:
    • Statement of hypotheses
    • Exteranal and Internal criticism of sources
    • Observation and experimentation
    • Technology terminology
    • Generalization and prediction
  • Did the person take stock of the advantages of:
    • That the research is not physically involved in the situation under study
    • That there is no danger of experimenter-subject interaction
    • That the documents are located by the researcher, data is gathered, and conclusions are drawn out of sight.
I can tell you that in most cases the research and references and findings of most who claim historical persons don’t even start to use the information presented in this article. This is why I make my caveat, because I am interested in history and background of karate but I am not a qualified historical researcher and I can say I would not, could not and have not found enough information that meets even one third of the requirements to say that what I believe and find truthful as far as can be humanly determined is not historical in nature but merely my thoughts, ideas, theories and finally beliefs.

Yet, all those who adamantly, except in a few rare cases, say they have the history and traditions of karate from Okinawa actually only have information to support their personal beliefs as to the origins of karate. Especially as it pertains to any particular system or style.

Now, understand, that my presentation is merely an outline and one must define each part and find the definitions and credentials that make the sum of those parts a whole that is valid and supportable with facts through written historical documents, periodicals and so on for just one or two alone don’t make for historical fact. 

Very, very few will take the time, effort and sweat equity (mental sweat equity that is) to find true valid backed up facts as the above would if you did the work over just accepting things because of the “Expert Sources.” Question, are they truly historical expert sources?

Additional Information on Historical Research:

There are four major methods that researchers use to collect historical data. These are archival data, secondary sources, running records, and recollections. 

1. The archival data, or primary sources, are typically the resources that researchers rely most heavily on. Archival data includes official documents and other items that would be found in archives, museums, etc. 
2. Secondary sources are the works of other historians who have written history. 
3. Running records are ongoing series of statistical or other sorts of data, such as census data, ship's registries, property deeds, etc. 
4. Finally recollections include sources such as autobiographies, memoirs or diaries.

four stages; systematic qualitative comparative historical studies:

1) develop the premise of the investigation, identifying events, concepts, etc., that may explain the phenomena; 
2) choose the case(s) (location- nation, region) to examine; 
3) use what Theda Skocpol has termed as "interpretive historical sociology" and examine the similarities and the differences; and 
4) based on the information gathered, propose a causal explanation for the phenomena.

Bibliography (Click the link)

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