Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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The Confusion in Understanding Kata

Blog Article/Post Caveat (Read First Please: Click the Link)

Reading articles on kata recently it came to me that most who define kata are getting it right but wrong, i.e., they are simply confusing the difference between Japanese kata and Okinawan Kata, i.e., Japanese budo kata of kendo, judo and the like vs. Okinawan Karate kata. 

The first article that really does an excellent job of explaining this confusion can be read HERE.
The next article that explains some concepts on the practice of Japanese kata can be read HERE.

There will follow other articles on the kata but before I list those the following three paragraphs are a synopsis of my views and beliefs on Japanese Kata and Okinawan Kata. One note, at the list there will be an article on “Shi-kata” that I believe drives all Japanese kata. 

It becomes apparent to me when researching kata that the confusion for karate practitioners comes from the meaning and use of kata as it applies to Japanese Budo vs. Okinawan Karate. Japanese kata are technique based, i.e., a direction connection to the external form of the kata and the technique itself. I quote, “Consequently, it can be said that kata is tantamount with the technique.” 

Therefore Japanese budo kata are a technique based teaching, training and practice form. You can see this even further when the kata are named because the descriptive name are related to the kata and the individual technique(s), etc. The Japanese complete kata and the related technical content, technique, etc. In Okinawan karate kata it appears that the external manifestation is about technique when in reality the content, or what some are calling bunkai, are not the actual content, etc. I quote, “The practical skills are not defined and the kata do not clearly demonstrate the relationship between external form (kata) and technique (waza).” 

Furthermore, the names of all the kata in the karate systems are not related to the external or internal meanings but refer to ether a person who created the kata or to certain characteristics of the kata in general. The kata themselves are tools to teach certain fundamental principles toward the application of multiple methodologies rather than toward a specified technique based teaching model like the Japanese kata. I quote, “Contrary to jūdō and kendō, the names of the kata of karate such as Naihanchi, Passai, and Kūsankū etc. barely allow any conclusion about its technical contents, nor do the names of individual techniques contained therein.”

In closing, distinguishing the kata for your practice will help a great deal in understanding both the systems kata as well as its applications in general, i.e., Japanese Budo or Okinawan Karate. It may benefit to remember that the Japanese Karate is also different in many ways than the Okinawan karate if for no other reason than the Karate that was reformed to fit the Japanese beliefs, etc., came about toward the kata definition and implementation that matches the Japanese kata methods. It also behooves us to distinguish the crossover that will be apparent of Japanese karate and Okinawan karate, i.e., as more and more influence was asserted by the Japanese due to the absorption of the Okinawans into their cultures, etc. will also make it necessary to find those distinctions if you wish to retain a more traditional Okinawan karate practice. 

Bibliography (Click the link)

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