Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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Ti or Te - Understanding Its Use

Blog Article/Post Caveat (Read First Please: Click the Link)

In recent postings about the naming of Okinawan Karate, i.e., as named initially “Ti,” then “Toudi,” and then “Karate (using charcters meaning China Hand) and finally in the early 1900’s as Karate (using characters meaning empty hand) I wrote about the use of karate for, “Karate.” In recent video presentations on karate from an Okinawan Karate-ka of note it presented the why of calling this system of defense, “Ti/Te.” The following are my personal thoughts on what this karate-ka mentioned being the essence and principles of Okinawan Ti/Karate. 

Read also “Why Karate? (Why Empty Hand)

In the old days if you go down to the ground in traditional karate it meant death. Today it means winning or losing, not death. In self-defense death returns to the realm of possibility therefore foot techniques are meant to remain controlled below the waist, etc., maintaing stability, structure and control of your body. 

Historically the system was referred to as Ti (te in Japanese) because it was known that in combat the fist was of primary importance and that legs allowed take downs meaning death. The importance of hands in karate for combat in life and death situations made it critical and higher in importance thus the naming, Ti. Hitting with hands, etc., is more important than kicking ergo naming of karate. 

The true importance of legs in karate is not kicking, it is about stability, balance and rooting when applying hands in combat. Due to the importance of life and death struggles the feet keep the balance, the stability of the body and the overall structure and alignment that provides application of principles necessary to achieve power and strength when hitting. Loss of balance and structure meant going to ground and in a life and death struggle - you face death.

This means the true nature of karate is not about hands and feet, it is about the utilization of hands through a body applying force and power through it and the arms to the hands whether empty fists or fists with weapons are applied. In truth kicks were meant, in combat, as finishing techniques applied to an adversary who was taken down to the ground because they lost structure, balance, centeredness, etc. allowing leg techniques, closer to targets of a person on the ground, while maintaining upright structure, balance and ability with hands now in wait for the next attacker. 

Power and force of karate can only be applied through the movement of the entire body as created through movement in the tanden/hara and that movement comes from legs rooted properly while remaining stable in movement (ergo, why the system is referred to as Te/Ti, the hands are primary fighting tools while the legs are more supportive/enhancing tools). If legs are used to kick then movement is hindered causing force and power to be lost in applications therefore effort and focus remains on stability, structure and alignments while in motion taking root when necessary to transfer force and power to a target.

Making the assumption that the original “Name” for the indigenous hand fighting system of Okinawan is “Ti/Te (for hand)” and that the above explanation for using the “Hand” as a designation for this system it actually makes sense. Explaining the distinctions down to this level, i.e., using hands dominantly with the body vs. the legs, actually helps to understand the roots and beginnings that made Ti, Ti! Now I feel comfortable calling the system or style I practice, Ti/Te or even Karate (still don’t like the use of empty here vs. just hand) with a stretch in understanding the distinctions. 

Bibliography (Click the link)

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