Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

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“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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Osu [押忍] in Martial Arts

The characters/ideograms mean, “greeting used between close male friends; Hi!; yes sir!; Yo!.” The first character means, “push; stop; check; subdue; attach; seize; weight; shove; press; seal; do in spite of,” the second character means, “endure; bear; put up with; conceal; secrete; spy; sneak.”

This term is overused in martial arts circles. Especially in the West where the use is inappropriate and misunderstood as being indicative of martial arts training where a student uses it indiscriminately to indicate they are pushing hard despite physical and mental exhaustion. It is used in Western dojo as follows:

1) As a greeting to fellow dojo practitioners, etc.
2) As a response to a question or instruction, i.e. in lieu of Hai for yes or other terms to mean, “I Understand, etc.”
3) As a means of showing respect say in a tournament or sparring sessions, i.e. said when bowing before and after a contest.
4) As a compliment when one practitioner wants to acknowledge the skill of another.
5) As used after the execution of a technique although I personally cannot fathom why this is so.

In a nutshell, it is about a custom and cultural etiquette for the Asian or Japanese societal practice. Much like bowing as a greeting that naturally followed into the dojo and westerners, at the start, assumed it was specific to the dojo etiquette requirements. 

If Osu (Oss) is used in any dojo in Japan it is not because it is a specific martial term and practice but simply a thing adopted from the use between close-male-friends used as a curt greeting between friends. Since the early days of martial arts training were dominated by males and most students were younger males along with the closeness developed in the dojo tribe it seems practical that such a cultural method of greeting would enter into the community of the dojo. In addition, the use of Osu is more a modern thing than the passing down of an ancient cultural etiquette of martial budo.

For additional information on this term see the posting by Karate by Jesse where he postulates about its use through three theories, i.e. the Koykushin, the Good Morning, and the Onegaishimasu theories.

Now that the use of Osu in the dojo has been covered there are other references to the term or word, “osu,” that can be seen as follows:

おすosu common · オスOSU 【雄 · 牡】
noun / noun with genitive case particle :
male (animal)  →

おすosu common 【押す · 圧す · 捺す】
godan verb → conjugation / transitive:
押す:to push;  to press
押す · 圧す:to apply pressure from above;  to press down
押す · 捺す:to stamp (i.e. a passport);  to apply a seal;  → 判を押す
押す:to affix (e.g. gold leaf)
押す:to press (someone for something);  to urge;  to compel;  to influence
押す · 圧す:to overwhelm;  to overpower;  to repress
押す:to push (events along);  to advance (a plan)
押す:to do in spite of ...;  to do even though ...;  to force
押す:to make sure  → ねんをおす【念を押す】  /  だめをおす【駄目を押す】
押す:to be pressed for time
押す:to advance troops;  to attack
押す:(of light) to be diffused across an entire surface

おすosu common 【推す】
godan verb → conjugation / transitive:
to infer;  to conclude;  to support

In closing, do I use osu? Nope

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