Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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Mental Simulation

A process called mental simulation because decision makers are simulating and envisioning a scenario - playing out in their heads what they expect would happen if they implemented the decision in a particular case. They build a picture of what they expect, and they watch this picture once, sometimes several times. If they like what they see, they are ready to respond. If they spot a problem, usually they can alter the action script. If they can't find a way around the problem, they jettison the option and look at the next option in the set without comparing it to any other options. 

THis two-part process of pattern matching and mental simulation is the "recognition-primed decision" (RPD) model, which explains how people can make good decisions without generating and comparing a set of options. Pattern recognition primes the decision-making process but it needs to be tested through mental simulation.

Mental simulation is the way we evaluate our decisions and figure out what to expect before we implement them so we know later whether the decision is having the desired effect or not. 

To construct a scenario of how an action script will work, create mental models of the way the fight will go, the way the types responses will withstand exposure to the violence, the way types of tactics and strategies will react when a adversary is handled in an attack. You need mental models of the environments where violence occurs, how it starts, how it will proceed and how it will end. You need a mental model of how you will combine a variety of techniques into counters to the violence. 

In order to build an effective mental simulation, we need to have good mental models of how things work. This is another aspect of expertise, and another way that experience translates into action. 

Mental models are out beliefs about how various processes work. They direct our explanations and expectations. 

To summarize the RPD (recognition-primed decision ) process, intuitive decision making process works like this:

- Cues let us recognize patterns.
- Patterns activate action scripts.
- Action scripts are assessed through mental simulation.
- Mental simulation is driven by mental models

RPD is used for about 90 percent of the difficult decisions in all fields. The strategy used is RPD making. Experienced decision makers rely heavily on intuition and rarely use the analytical methods that we have been taught. The idea of intuitive decision making has finally started to catch on with professional such as the firefighting community, the police community and to some extent the Army and Marines. 

Persons using RPD have an ability to intuitively sense when a problem exists. The rely on intuition to perform well-learned behavior patterns rapidly. They synthesize isolated bits of data and experience into an integrated whole. They used intuition to bypass in-depth analysis. Intuition is an almost instantaneous cognitive process in which a person recognizes familiar patterns. Intuition is not the opposite of rationality, nor is it a random process of guessing. It is based on extensive experience both in analysis and problem solving and in implementation and to the extent that the lessons of experience are logical and well-founded, then so is the intuition. 

Speed, flexibility, and adaptability are precisely the kinds of qualities that can be enhanced by intuitive decision making. 

Klein, Gary. "The Power of Intuition: Ho to Use Your Gut Feelings To Make Better Decisions at Work." Doubleday. New York. 2003.

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