Please take a look at Articles on self-defense/conflict/violence for introductions to the references found in the bibliography page.

Please take a look at my bibliography if you do not see a proper reference to a post.

Please take a look at my Notable Quotes

Hey, Attention on Deck!

Hey, NOTHING here is PERSONAL, get over it - Teach Me and I will Learn!

When you begin to feel like you are a tough guy, a warrior, a master of the martial arts or that you have lived a tough life, just take a moment and get some perspective with the following:

I've stopped knives that were coming to disembowel me

I've clawed for my gun while bullets ripped past me

I've dodged as someone tried to put an ax in my skull

I've fought screaming steel and left rubber on the road to avoid death

I've clawed broken glass out of my body after their opening attack failed

I've spit blood and body parts and broke strangle holds before gouging eyes

I've charged into fires, fought through blizzards and run from tornados

I've survived being hunted by gangs, killers and contract killers

The streets were my home, I hunted in the night and was hunted in turn

Please don't brag to me that you're a survivor because someone hit you. And don't tell me how 'tough' you are because of your training. As much as I've been through I know people who have survived much, much worse. - Marc MacYoung


The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books. Please make note that this article/post is my personal analysis of the subject and the information used was chosen or picked by me. It is not an analysis piece because it lacks complete and comprehensive research, it was not adequately and completely investigated and it is not balanced, i.e., it is my personal view without the views of others including subject experts, etc. Look at this as “Infotainment rather then expert research.” This is an opinion/editorial article/post meant to persuade the reader to think, decide and accept or reject my premise. It is an attempt to cause change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs and values as they apply to martial arts and/or self-defense. It is merely a commentary on the subject in the particular article presented.

Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.

“What you are reading right now is a blog. It’s written and posted by me, because I want to. I get no financial remuneration for writing it. I don’t have to meet anyone’s criteria in order to post it. Not only I don’t have an employer or publisher, but I’m not even constrained by having to please an audience. If people won’t like it, they won’t read it, but I won’t lose anything by it. Provided I don’t break any laws (libel, incitement to violence, etc.), I can post whatever I want. This means that I can write openly and honestly, however controversial my opinions may be. It also means that I could write total bullshit; there is no quality control. I could be biased. I could be insane. I could be trolling. … not all sources are equivalent, and all sources have their pros and cons. These needs to be taken into account when evaluating information, and all information should be evaluated. - God’s Bastard, Sourcing Sources (this applies to this and other blogs by me as well; if you follow the idea's, advice or information you are on your own, don't come crying to me, it is all on you do do the work to make sure it works for you!)

“You should prepare yourself to dedicate at least five or six years to your training and practice to understand the philosophy and physiokinetics of martial arts and karate so that you can understand the true spirit of everything and dedicate your mind, body and spirit to the discipline of the art.” - cejames (note: you are on your own, make sure you get expert hands-on guidance in all things martial and self-defense)

“All I say is by way of discourse, and nothing by way of advice. I should not speak so boldly if it were my due to be believed.” - Montaigne

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Chinkuchi [チンクチ] or Kokoro to karada zan [心と体残]

The characters/ideograms mean "body and mind balance." The first character means, "mind; heart; spirit," the second character means, "body; substance; object; reality," the third character means, "balance; remainder; leftover."

Chinkuchi or as I translate the approximate English definition "kokoro to karada zan or body and mind balance" when applied to martial technique has a variety of sources trying valiantly and diligently to define the term, which is Okinawan dialect, uchiganuchi, for the western mind. Much like trying to define and explain the ken-po goku-i along with other documents like the I Ching, the Tao Te Ching and other ancient classic texts - difficult at best and most esoterically fluid as dependent on individual interpretations. 

Some of the Okinawan sensei have tried to convey the meaning to the western mind:

Higaonna Morio, 10th dan Goju-ryu Karate has this to say about chinkuchi:

“This expression [chinkuchi] is used to describe the tension or stability of the joints in the body for a firm stance, a powerful punch, or a strong block. For example, when punching or blocking, the joints of the body are momentarily locked for an instant and concentration is focused on the point of contact; the stance is made firm by locking the joints of the lower body – the ankles, the knees and the hips – and by gripping the floor with the feet.
Thus a rapid free-flowing movement is suddenly checked for an instant, on striking or blocking, as power is transferred or absorbed. Then the tension is released immediately in order to prepare for the next movement.”

Arakaki Kiyoshi, Karate writer, said this:

“A simple explanation is, when punching for instance, to contract the muscles used when punching (especially the triceps and the trapezius), increasing the speed of the punch or block from within your own body.”

Karate historian (and practitioner) Tokashiki Iken had to say about chinkuchi:

“When punching, the most important thing is that the “koshi” [hips] are in it, and that chinkuchi is being utilized. Chinkuchi, in a word, means to contract the trapezius, the triceps, the pectorals major, etc. when thrusting the fist out. At that time, the armpit must also be closed when punching or blocking.
This means that a punch with chinkuchi has an instantaneous increase in power. This is called “one cun power” [one inch punch] and causes a great destructive power upon the opponent’s body.”

"Chinkuchi is both a system of ‘conscious’ internal energy management and an experience of moving in sync with a confluence of subtle energies." Hayashi Tomio

"Chinkuchi is synonymous with internal energy cultivation. There are degrees of Chinkuchi control. There are different methods of exerting or expressing this ability. " Hayashi Tomio

Then there are individual interpretations from the western spectrum of the Okinawan karate circles that are just as muddy in their explanations and interpretations with a lot of missing parts, if will allow.

This post is an attempt to convey the complexities and personal interpretations that go with the term "Chinkuchi" or what I have derived in study as "kokoro to karada zan.

Chinkuchi or kokoro to karada zan are concepts that manifest themselves when applying martial systems fundamental principles to technique. I believe this is also very simplistic and leaves out the other more esoterical aspects to the term much like many mistake basics over fundamentals in same. I attribute this view as I connected it to both the fundamental principles of martial systems and the ken-po goku-i as derived from my studies of both the spiritual and physical of karate goshin do. 

Such postings as this must be accepted as a kind of truth that is a part of a whole, an atomistic explanation that must be merged into a holistic whole that would be another atomistic and holistic aspect to karate or martial arts practice, training and applications.

Chin-ku-chi along with shu-ha-ri and others esoteric teachings such as shin-gi-tai pull together various fundamentals of martial systems into a final whole that epitomizes what Asians allude to in mastery of the martial arts. 

We and other martial artists must accept them individually and then allow them to blend, flow and merge into a whole that will influence all aspects of the martial arts. This is why it is explained as a separate entity with the understanding it must be morphed into other entities to make a whole or "one" experience we call karate-goshin-do or simply the "way." 

In its simplest form, a misleading one at that, it speaks to the merging of the mind and heart with the body along with the spirit of practice, training, and application of martial systems. The levels are many much like the levels of human existence along with the simplistic levels or grades of the dan-i system.

We speak of the power derived from proper chinkuchi which is explained simply as body mechanics, limited at that, and can be attributed to more that make up the fundamental principles of martial systems like body alignment, muscle and breath control, body positioning, generation of energy and power, etc. If only it were as simple as that and many tend to leave it at that if it meets their immediate needs.

Chinkuchi along with other models are what carry you throughout your life from the sprint, summer, fall and winter years of life as humans. It is more than strength, more than power and more than simply applying properly executed technique. It is worth exploring from as many sources as possible with an open mind allowing for the differences and leaving right and wrong out in the trash. 

No right, no wrong, just differences to learn from and to apply to life, practice and training achieving proper applications in accordance with all the principles that make mastery of the martial arts achievable. 

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